Tenryou : territories under direct control of the Shogunate during the Edo Period. Officially "Imperial property" or Land under Imperial control", Imperial offices, administration offices etc. The Tokugawa Shogunate directly governed the territories which it recognized as militarily and economically important, developing and managing an administration office, a govern- ment office, jinya (guardrooms), etc in these lands. The major cities of the time, Nagasaki, Osaka, Sado an important gold mine, and Myouban hotsprings where they produced an alum from Yunohana, were all part of the tenryou region. During the Edo Period, the land was divided into territories such as the Imperial, religious (shrines and temples), and Daimyo territories, of which, the Shogunate territory (tenryou) was estimated to occupy 14% of Japan (4.2 million koku (石)) by the late Edo Period, according to the Tenpo 13 years nation- al Kokudaka (total amount of koku (石)) breakdown published by Kaishu Katsu in "SUIZINROKU".
Joge Town in Fuchu City, Hiroshima Prefecture.
A mountain town where the essence of "tenryou" remains.
The memories of those who lived through the tomultuous transition from the Edo to Meiji periods lingers, along with magnificent traditions, culture and character.
Carefully preserved over generations, the peaceful and historical townscape is tucked away, embraced by the Bingo mountains.
Welcome to Joge Town, where the charm of traditional Japanese lifestyle, architecture, and hospitality abounds.
History of "tenryou" Joge
Iwami Ginzan, which once produced 1/3rd of the world’s silver. In order to deliver silver to Kyoto and
Osaka, in addition to the shipping route through the Sea of Japan (The sea off the north coast of Japan),
the "Ginzan Kaido" or "Silver Highway" which passes through the mountains by land to the shipping port of
Kasaoka, was also established.
In the 11th year of the Genroku era (1698)(the era is named after the Emperor at the time), the Fukuyama clan’s Mizuno family collapsed due to the death of their heir and Joge fell under direct control of the Edo shogunate, part of the tenryou area. In the 13th year of the Genroku era (1700), a government administration office was established and in the 2nd year of the Kyoho era (1717) Joge donated 20,000 rocks in sliver (histor- ically, 1 ‘rock’, ‘石‘ or ‘koku’ was the unit of agricultural output in rice required to feed a man for a year. So 20,000 rocks is enough land or rice to sustain 20,000 men for a year. During the Edo period, the value of land was based on ‘koku’, and all agricultural products were converted into this unit) to the Nakatsu clan (from what is now Oita Prefecture).
Until the end of the Edo period, Iwami Ginzan’s Oomori Prefectural Office ran a government branch office in Joge, which was very prosperous. It is believed that from the end of the Edo Period, until the Meiji Restoration, the funds (silver) from this office/town supported both regimes.
The financial strength of the local money lenders would eventually be used to improve welfare and ed- ucation in their home town. Without relying on the administration, the Gishu Foundation was established with their own funds. This action continues until the Heisei Era (The current emperor, ending in 2019), and influenced history for 100 years.
The memories of the towns prosperous days exist in the buildings, streets, and people’s minds. We would like to show the world this "Treasure of Nippon" (Nippon is the Japanese word for Japan), though Joge "tenryou" tourism.
Many guests with a deep interest in Japanese culture participate in a Joge "tenryou" tourism tour.
Treasures of "tenryou" Joge
7 keywords to help explore the historical town
The town where the echo of "tenryou" lingers, Joge. Here, we introduce 7 keywords
which will make walking around town more enjoyable.
Mystery of the Shigemori document
The precious Wooden Playhouse – Okinaza
Scent of ancient literature
The historical buildings
Access to Joge
|Air||From Hiroshima airport:
Take the airport shuttle bus bound for Fukuyama Station and get off at Takasaka. Then transfer to the Peace Liner and get off at Joge station (1 hour 40 minutes).
|Railway||From Fukuyama Station:
Take the Shinkansen and get off at Fukuyama station. Then transfer to the Fukuen line bound for Miyoshi and get off at Joge station (1 hour 30 minutes).
|Highway Bus||From Hiroshima Bus Center:
(6-27 Moto-machi, Naka Ward, Hiroshima City,Hiroshima, Japan 730-0011) Take the expressway bus (platform 6) and get off at Joge station (2 hours). Hiroshima Bus Center Tourist Information Desk Tel: 082-225-3332 (Hiroshima Bus Center Tourist Information Desk)